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Machine Learning for Trading – Can It Predict the Trend?

Machine learning allows machines to trace patterns and identify trends by analyzing huge datasets. Data scientists are working on building ML models to assist traders in day-to-day trades in the stock market. Let’s discuss the role of machine learning in the trading industry.

Machine learning is a field of artificial intelligence that deals with how computers process large datasets and learn from them to make decisions and predictions. Machine learning is a vast concept and is classified into supervised and unsupervised-based learning. 

There are several algorithms designed to train machines on available data. A few of them are Simple & Multi Linear Regression, Logistic Regression, Decision Tree Classification, XgBoost, and many more. The algorithm is trained in different ways depending on the type of datasets fed into the system. Machine learning is almost everywhere in today’s world. From Netflix’s search engine to sales forecasting, supply chain management, manufacturing, healthcare, and more, machine learning is already a part of every industry in multiple verticals. 

The financial and trading industry also uses machine learning algorithms in different ways. FinTech is changing the way we look at banking and insurance. The crypto market has various AI-based apps that allow users to trade in cryptocurrency with the assistance of advanced algorithms. 

AI and ML have a role to play in the trading market too. There is no 100% automation yet; ML algorithms assist stockbrokers to offer better services to investors. AI and ML consulting companies offer consulting services to traders and trading establishments to build, customize, and fine-tune the algorithms and automate statistical work. 

Let’s explore the role of machine learning in trading and see how it can help stockbrokers, traders, and investors. 


How is Machine Learning Used In Trading? 

Patterns and trends are an integral part of the trading industry. Machine learning algorithms are good at processing large amounts of data to identify patterns that cannot be easily spotted by humans. The stock market is volatile and prone to be affected by several factors (social, political, economic, demographic, etc.). 

Being able to correctly predict the trends in advance will help traders minimize the risk of market crashes and increase returns. This makes machine learning a valuable resource in trading. ML algorithms can also be used for: 

How is Machine Learning Used In Trading

Sentiment Analysis 

Analyzing the sentiment in the market might help traders determine whether the stock prices for a brand will increase or decrease. Data is collected from multiple sources like social media, websites, forums, news platforms, and so on. Natural Language Processing (NLP) is used to understand the context of the data to determine the market mood. Traders can use this knowledge to adjust their investments and decide if they should buy more stock, sell what they own, or wait for the patterns to establish more clearly. 

Pattern Detection 

A majority of the stock market predictions come from hours of manual processing combined with years of experience. Machine learning in stock trading reduces the need for hard labor by automating the analysis. However, human expertise is still vital to deriving insights. The trader should know where to look to identify the patterns. 

Whether it is designing an automated trading machine or using ML to detect patterns, human experience and intuition are very much necessary for the algorithm to deliver accurate results. ML cuts through the time-consuming tasks of collecting and processing information, but it’s ultimately people who use the insights to make decisions. 

Real-Time Data Forecasting 

The machine learning algorithms can be fed more data in real-time. The algorithms are trained to learn and fine-tune the predictions to increase accuracy. For example, aspects like the global weather conditions, political unrest, climate change and its impact on renewable energy, etc., are real-world issues that have a direct impact on the trading industry. 

The ML algorithms can predict the results of the world’s issues and thus provide a basis for what could happen in the stock market subsequently. Using a combination of algorithms and forecasts will provide better results as multiple factors influence each other. 

High-Frequency Trading Machine  

A high-frequency trading machine runs on artificial intelligence. It performs thousands of transactions per day by taking advantage of the subtle changes in the stock market. These changes are almost impossible for humans to track as they happen in a few seconds or minutes (at the most). However, a properly trained trading machine will be fast enough to see the change and use it. 

That said, similar to pattern detection, this too requires human expertise. The algorithm has to be developed to detect minute changes. Regular updates are necessary to tune the algorithm and minimize errors. The tuning can also be automated to avoid statistical work but still requires human supervision. 

Chatbots in Trading 

Another way to use Machine Learning in trading is by developing chatbots for communication. Chatbots in any industry have the same roles and responsibilities. Chatbots communicate with traders and provide the information they ask for (past deals, financial statements, investment records, etc.). The chatbots can also compile a list of trading offers, potential shares to buy, the latest prices, and much more. 

AI-powered chatbots are faster and more effective than human support teams. A single chatbot can handle multiple conversations at the same time and provide each trader with the required data without feeling tired, getting confused, or making mistakes. The algorithms are designed to take feedback and learn from the previous mistakes to provide better support to the traders. 


Is Machine Learning Suitable for Day Trading?

Day trading is where a trader purchases and sells equities on the same day. Traders buy the stocks of a company in the morning and sell them by the end of the day, preferably to make a profit. Day trading requires a lot of experience and knowledge about the stock market. A minor mistake could lead to losses of thousands and millions.  

Machine Learning for trading is relatively a new concept, with ML engineers working on developing algorithms that can accurately offer predictions and insights. Different types of algorithms need to be used to develop a model for day trading. An algorithm that processes only historical data will not consider the real-time changes that impact the market and vice versa. 

Too much information can be seen as white noise by the ML algorithms when, in reality, the information offers hints to predict how the market will end that day. For the time being, we can say that the ML algorithms need to be better and more precise to provide traders with accurate and useful insights. While machine learning can be used for day trading, it is still not powerful enough for traders to entirely rely on its insights. 


Is Machine Learning Good for Stock Trading?

Can AI predict stocks? 

Yes, it can (to a certain extent). Some companies are already using ML models to predict the changes in prices in the stock market. Python is the most preferred language to code the machine learning algorithms. However, it is a complex process and used different frameworks. 

Time-Series Data

The stock prices don’t rise or fall at random. There’s always a reason or cause behind the volatility. The changes in stock prices can be analyzed as sequential data with time as the measuring factor. The information collected has to be aggregated, and hence, moving average (MA) is used to iron out the fluctuations. Two types of moving averages are considered (Simple moving average and exponential moving average) as both have their advantages. EMA responds better to changes and is useful for short-term trading. 

LTSM 

The Long Short Term Memory model was used to create the machine learning model for Microsoft Corporation stock values. It is a deep learning RNN architecture (recurrent neural network) that has feedback connections to handle single and sequential data points. 

While giants like Apple and Microsoft are using ML models for stock trading, it still requires close monitoring and continuous changes to ensure that the algorithm is accurate. 

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Which Machine Learning Model Is Best for Stock Prediction? 

Data scientists and ML engineers have been working on ways to use machine learning for stock trading. Traditional machine learning techniques were not successful as they relied mostly on historical data, which resulted in inaccurate predictions. The following models have shown varying levels of success in stock prediction. 

Deep Learning and Neural Networks 

Yoojeong Song and Jongwoo Lee from Sookmyung Women’s University worked on using deep learning and neural networks to develop an ML model for trading. Three ANN (artificial neural networks) were used to build machine learning models- binary features, multi-point features, and technical features. The model with binary features was lightweight and delivered more accurate stock predictions. However, it wasn’t without a few limitations. 

Graph-Based Approach 

Pratik Patil and others used a graph-based approach to create visualizations of the stock market by using a combination of techniques. They worked with correlation and causation of historical data while also relying on sentiment analysis by considering a range of factors that affect the market price of a stock. A similar approach was adopted by a few other researchers. But the lack of enough datasets to train the algorithm made it difficult to go for the graph-based approach on a large scale.  

Time Series Analysis 

Four experts presented a paper, Share Price Prediction using Machine Learning Technique, in 2019, detailing how they used time series analysis for stock predictions. The time-series analysis used data from multiple online platforms and considered seasonal trends and holidays into account. A generalized additive model was created to maximize prediction accuracy. 

Companies like Morgan Stanley, Kavout, Tino IQ, Wealthfront, etc., are using machine learning in different ways to enhance their services and increase returns. We will see more trading companies follow the same route as the ML models become accurate over time. 


Conclusion 

Right now, it might seem like using machine learning in trading is an effort-intensive task. However, it is a profitable solution in the long term. Trading companies can use AI chatbots to interact with clients, generate automated stock reports, and send trading recommendations to users (on the website/ app). 

Machine learning consulting companies assist trading establishments to build and customize an ML model for their business requirements. The trading company’s past records, clients, and external factors are considered when developing a machine-learning algorithm to assist its traders and automate financial advice.

Have a similar concept in mind? AI engineers at DataToBiz can help. Schedule a call today.

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